Aside from being the country in which the first Cro Magnon or European Early Modern Human (EEMH) was found, France is also the country where the first major paleolithic cave paintings were discovered.

Remains of European Early Modern Humans or EEMH, the term preferred by contemporary researchers in referring to anatomically modern homo sapiens, were discovered in 1868 in Les Eyzies-de-Tayac, a town in the Dordogne region of France.

Studies of the ancient skeletons showed that the Les Eyzies EEMH had robust builds, and stood about 5 feet 5 inches, to 5 feet 7 inches tall. They had brain capacity of 100 cubic-inch, regarded as larger than that of average modern humans.


As evidenced by the nearby prehistoric caves discovered in the Dordogne region, the EEMH species were settled people, who dwelt year-round in shallow and deep caves. Caverns in which those homo sapiens lived, displayed hundred of paintings, which indicated that even during prehistoric times, humans were already artistically inclined.

The most famous of those caverns are located in the the Dordogne and Ardeche regions. As a result of those prehistoric finds, the town of Les Eyzies became home to the French National Museum of Prehistory.

Both the Dordogne and Ardeche Caves were declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

France Created Replicas of the Cave to Preserve the Prehistoric Cave Paintings

The Lascaux Cave – Dordogne Region

The Lascaux Cave was discovered in September 12, 1940 by an 18-year old lad named Marcel Ravidat, when his dog fell in a hole. On July 14, 1948 the public was allowed to view the cave paintings, attracting as many as 1,200 visitors per day. However, the constant flow of visitors brought in huge amounts of carbon dioxide, humidity, heat and other contaminants that caused damage to the prehistoric cave paintings.

In 1963, French authorities ordered the closure of the Lascaux Caves, and the restoration of the damaged paintings to their original state; whilst introducing a system of monitoring their condition on a daily basis.

Materials believed to be the same as the charcoal, iron oxide and ochre used by the cave dwellers 19,000 years ago, were used in duplicating the ancient cave art, whilst using advanced 3D laser scanning and casting technologies.

In order to present the paintings for public viewing, without damaging the restored original, replica Lascaux Caves were built to display duplicates of a full range of cave paintings.

The Grotte Chauvet Cave- Ardeche Region

The world’s most extensive collection of prehistoric cave paintings were discovered in 1994 by 3 spelunkers who ventured to explore the cliffs of the Ardèche region. Even more amazing is that the cave paintings were well-preserved despite being older than those in the Lascaux Caves. The preservation is largely attributed to the dry climate of Ardèche.

The Ardeche prehistoric cave was named The Grotte Chauvet, after Jean-Marie Chauvet, leader of the explorers who discovered the cavern.

Hundreds of paintings as well as engravings, ranging from multiple handprints, geometrically arranged red dots, and animal images adorn the wall of the Chauvet Cave. What researchers found as interesting is that majority of the 420 or more animal representations were images of lions, bears and rhinoceroses, which obviously are predators rather than prey.

In the same year the Chauvet Cave discovered, it was sealed off. for public viewing. This time, an important lesson was learned. Like the Lascaux Cave, an imitation cavern called the Pont-d’Arc Cavern was created to serve as alternative viewing site, also displaying duplications of the originàl paintings imprinted on the walls of the Chauvet Cave.

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Justifying the cost of expensive art materials can be too difficult. This is true especially if you don’t know where you’ll get your next paycheck and you’re facing the fact that your business is on a shoestring budget. But for real artists, there’s this fine line between saving yourself time and frustration from saving money on discounted materials.

Insights to Become a Better Artist

Few successful artists have shared their insights to become more effective with their roles and here are what we have learned.

It is not in the Art Materials. It’s Always in the Technique

If you ask any artist you know, a dominating message you’ll hear from them is that good technique is key in this field. In analogy, wearing a pair of Air Jordan will not instantly make you a basketball legend. Working using the best tools and equipment will not immediately show the innate artists in you. It will take time and practice to hone that skill.

As per artist Kelli Folsom…

“Don’t overcompensate with equipment. Start small and choose what works for you”

Use Appropriate Tools for Task at Hand

There are over 50 percent of technical support emails and calls received by various art companies that are more on the artists getting the material to work in a way that they are not designed to do. This is the reason why you’re seeing an increasing number of products being manufactured that also educate users on the right way of using the material.

Nothing is more relevant to the phrase “practice makes perfect” especially among artists. With the majority of the mediums, there’s more than one tool or material involved in the entire process. You have to accept the fact that trial and error is the sole way of determining what combination will work best for you.

Cheap Materials don’t mean that You Save Money

Cheap and low-quality clays might not be able to hold its plasticity or even show vibrancy. While better and higher quality paint may be costly, it has more endurance and deeper tint which means that you need to use lesser paint to achieve the same results. Ask anyone who has tried using cheap canvas, they will all tell you how it is such a waste of money and time to buy the said material and develop texture.

If you want to learn how you can make the right purchase for art materials, try using udemy coupon codes to learn the essential tools needed without spending big bucks.

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Art and Business


Advertising your artwork is a simple business nowadays. In reality, you may even have your artwork get global exposure provided that they are of premium quality and you also happen to have great internet facilities available. You have to step up your game and produce your advertisements that will stand out, particularly if you’re eyeing the international market and expecting to sell your artwork all around the world.

Advertising your artwork online wasn’t exactly what you would call a simple job. It had been, like radio media buying,  for want of a better term, intimidating and frightening. You need to put in plenty of work and marketing savvy  to get your work where it could be noticed. It had been so tough to locate the prospective viewer or the target market, which may be interested in your art work.

To get a particular timeframe, you’ll be provided the chance to talk about your masterpiece and other artworks. However, this can be time consuming. Should you would like to save a great deal of money and effort, the very best way to market art on the internet is via the World Wide Web.

A brief write-up of your job – composed by you – will be quite excellent. This is sometimes printed in art websites. Straightforward advertisements of your art can be placed in certain websites where number of visitors are high. Visitors to those websites would subsequently find themselves catching a glimpse of your own advertisements and reading your posts or write-ups. Don’t underestimate these basic tactics as they’re proven successful in advertising. You may put a link.

The more people who view these advertisements, the more attention it will create and if they contact you along with a company trade goes underway, you’ll begin seeing cash coming in.

It is also possible to have accompanying examples for these posts, but be certain that they’re innovative. If the site isn’t appealing, then you don’t have any expectation of getting more traffic and prospective clients. You also need to think about creating an account using a few online auction websites.

Though a guide will serve you nicely, using a movie will probably be better and more successful. It’s really easier, and of course faster, in the event that you simply see a movie rather than reading through posts. If your thoughts get to the audience, then it’ll get reflected on your earnings.

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Knowing More About Apostilles

Apostille which is read “ah-po-steel” is known as a French word that means certification.

Apostille is the given name and title for the specialized certificate.

The Certificate is attached to the original record or document to confirm the authenticity of the document in order for it to be recognized within nations that happen to be members of the Hague Apostille Convention. Look into apostilla.

A number of countries around the word joined alongside one another to have a simplified way of “legalizing” files intended for worldwide identification. Members from the Hague Convention, implemented the document known as Apostille which would be acknowledge by all the members. Let us learn more.

The Convention offers the simplified accreditation involving public documents to be utilized throughout nations that are a part of the Convention.

Documents meant for use within participating nations must be licensed by the representatives in the legal system in which the file have been carried out. The Apostille’ s requires that every document to be numbered consecutively, having specific numbers placed on every single Apostille released.

The standard Apostille possesses a seal and has some compulsory sources:
• the place the document was issued(place and date)
• name of the person requesting the file
• capability of the person completing the file, when it comes to unsigned files,
• name of the person who has affixed the seal and issued the certificate
• amount of certificate

The Hague Convention removed the requirement of legalization with regards to international public files Around the year 1961 on the 5th of October. The Convention lessens the formalities of legalization for the straightforward distribution of the certificate within a approved form, called “Apostille”. The certificate that is attached to the file is dated, numbered and authorized. The confirmation associated with its subscription can be executed effortlessly using a simple request for data.



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When planning to visit France to be at the scene during the 72nd annual Cannes Film Festival, be in the know that there are other important places to be when in Cannes. Although the city is very much associated with the rich and famous who normally take spring breaks in the French Riviera, it is also a destination where non-famous and not-so-moneyed visitors find attractive for a number of reasons.

What It’s Like to Be in Cannes During the Film Festival

Still, just by being in the city during the film festival, anytime between May 14 and 25 this year, will be electrifying. Excitement always fills the air, especially at La Croisette. Here, blocks of high end boutiques, restaurants, apartments, hotels and villas are quite busy with the arrival of jet setters and celebrities from all over the world.


Those who really fancy star-spotting or gazing can also venture to be in Mougins, at some modest 2-Michelin restaurant. Discover that this is the spot where some well known movie stars prefer to go for rustic and provencal dining experience.

The only setback in visiting Cannes during the festival is that beach water is still too cold for comfort. Nonetheless, those who do not mind the temperature stay in the beach to watch some classic Cannes films being shown in al fresco big screens. Besides, with most of the locals preferring to lineup at the top of the La Croisette boulevard, to gawk at famous personalities arriving at the Palais des Festivals, the beachfront will practically be exclusive to Cannes visitors.

Other Places to be at When in Cannes

La Croix-des-Gardes – Cannes is more than just promenades, boulevards and beaches. Know that there is a vast area of lush greenery alive with vibrant French springtime blooms. The historical La Croix-des-Gardes, France’s national park, tells of a tale about a member of the English parliament named Lord Brougham, who made this particular area his home; whilst attracting other aristocrats to do the same.


Island of Saint-Honorat – A group of four islands known as the Lérins Islands can be reached via a short ferry ride. The most famous of the four, is Saint-Honorat, another historical spot where visitors can wander around an old abbey. Here, monks still keep the traditional vow of silence, and harvest grapes to produce wines as previous monks in the island have done so for centuries.


French Cooking Classes – French cuisine is quite popular just about anywhere, take a short drive to some small town in the outskirts of the city to take up short-cooking courses. Learn to cook with via French culinary schools that run a variety of cooking courses.

As an aside, Cannes has several museum and art galleries. If modern art is of particular interest, the Malmaison is the place to be, as the gallery is full of new wave art exhibits.

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Kids are sentimental, as well as the parents. When it comes to milestones, every little single work definitely matters to the point that we keep everything and unfortunately, eventually, turns to become clutters.

Now is the time for them to understand that they do not need to maintain everything and it is the perfect thing to do.

It is not just about their artwork or schoolwork – it is about the way they  strategize the organization.

It is about placing reasonable limits – not only for the child but also on your own. And you’re the adult so that you decide the limitations. It’s essential for us to educate our kids how to arrange.

Our kids will bring home art job, examine documents, homework assignments along with various mementos from college. Obviously we wish to save their significant childhood memories, but what exactly do we maintain and how can we keep it? When kids bring home any of those above, look at it and talk about it together whether it something that requires attention. Not every thing they bring home requires a sit down conversation with them. Start picking right afterward, not after, but right afterward what to keep and what to throw.

If the art that comes to the house is larger than your own designated storage area or it starts to pile up faster than you can process it, then have a صور of it together with your kids holding it. What a pleasure memory to return on. Purchase a photograph album and make an’artwork album’ for every kid.

The captured photo serves as not totally the replacement, but a reminder of your child’s memory, your child’s achievement, and their feelings the time they were able to do and create such art.

This strategy is being practical. We have to remember that the most important thing we could think of being sentimental is to also search for an alternative way on how things will last, and pictures or photographs are perfect for that.

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Parents And Teachers Must Know

Some other that uses steroids like body builders, prof sportsperson, misuse of anabolic steroids by students has notably expand over the past ten years. The National Institute on Drug Abuse approximate that more than half million grade 8 and 10 students are now users of these harmful drugs, and a lot of junior and senior high school students do no believe that steroids is dangerous.

Students are buying and taking anabolic steroids without knowing the effect and dangers involved regarding misuse of steroid. Some outcome of misuse of anabolic steroid are equitably unknown. However, taking steroid longer disadvantageous physical outcome of anabolic steroid abuse and not yet been studied, and are unknown. Aside from that, taking anabolic steroids may result harmful side-effects and also death. Mostly abuser is not aware of these unrevealed dangers.

What Are Anabolic Steroids?

Anabolika Nebenwirkungen are artificially produced variants of the naturally transpiring male hormone testo-sterone. Both male and female produce testerone naturally: testes for males, and ovaries for female. The name of this drug is androgenic which means promoting masculine characteristics anabolic means tissue building steroids. The usual street names for anabolic steroids contain  gym candy, pumpers, roids, stackers, weights, and beverage(juice).

Why Do They Misuse Steroids?

Anabolic steroids are fundamentally used by body-builders, athletes, and fitness and think that steroids give them a competitive benefits and also progress their physical performance. Steroids increases body figure, robustness and belligerent. Steroids also makes you stronger during exercises, which makes other athletes train and work harder to improve the durability and toughness of their body. People who are not athletes use steroids to increase their stamina, muscles and robustness, and diminish body fat which they believe that it will ameliorate their physical appearance. Some youths take steroids to make their body bigger and stronger to protect them from danger.

Health: For Students Regarding Steroids

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In case you’ve been a renter, you’d know you get to move to a fresh and insulated property. In most areas, it’s essential that property ought to be clean prior to a new tenant moves in, especially as an artist, you have lots of paint and art materials probably lying around. And because of this, new tenants must pay to get a bond. If any cleaning or repair solutions are needed if the tenants are going out, the landowner will deduct the fees from this bail money. If renters can return the house in good shape, they are eligible for the total bail cash. To handle this problem, cleaning businesses have introduced an agency called the end of rental cleaning. For example, visit Vacate cleaning Melbourne for more information.

Which are the solutions given in end of rental cleaning? End of rental cleaning solutions include – elimination of insect infestation and molds, Cleaning drive, backyard and terrace, Windows, doors and walls cleaning and elimination of debris

Why’s it imporant? More than 50 percent of the deposit disputes happen as a result of insufficient cleaning. The deposit cash equals six months’ lease that’s a considerable amount and renters can’t lose that. And additionally, a landlord won’t endure the renter returning the house in unhygienic conditions.

In the event the renter doesn’t perform the cleaning or employ anybody to do it, then the landlord will seek the services of a business and the fees will be discounted in the deposit. Along with the landlord will seek the services of a business that provide the very best support and won’t fret about the service fee because it’ll be paid from their renter’s pocket. This also contributes to plenty of disputes. These problems can be solved if the renter uses an end of rental cleaning service by himself. They’re experts and give the very best support to make sure that both the renter and the landlord are joyful.

Why should you employ end of rental cleaners rather than do the cleaning yourself?

  1. Cleaning goods are dangerous and have to be treated carefully.
  2. It’s possible to save yourself some time
  3. Your cleaning won’t be as great as that of those specialists
  4. A cleaning firm will have all the essential cleaning equipment and goods. You do not need to shell out unnecessarily.

Before you move to a new location, assess thoroughly to be certain there are no damages to the house.

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