Greek art: An introduction

Did you know that ancient Greek art did not originate from a single national territory? Greek art includes all artifacts from the former settlement areas of the Greeks: from the Greek mainland, from the Aegean Islands, from western Asia Minor, from southern Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, North Africa, Palestine, and from the Black Sea area.

Art epochs of ancient Greece

After the collapse of the economic and cultural system of the Mycenaeans caused by internal social unrest and the pressure of the migration of people, a time of great poverty and hardship began. The decimation of the population and the decline in agriculture led to a nomadic life in Greece. This nomadic development led to a cultural decline: a simple, unadorned architectural style, the art of writing was lost.

Geometric art

This epoch is characterized by the amalgamation of small settlements from which the poleis later emerged. The epoch was named after the patterns of the newly emerging pottery and vase painting. During this time, the Phoenician alphabet was adopted, to which the Greeks added the missing vowels.

Archaic art

The archaic art is considered the forerunner of the later classics. The poetry, the prose, and the scientific-rational thinking of the pre-Socratics develop. In architecture, the direction is again towards the monumental. A characteristic stylistic device of archaic art was the so-called archaic smile. These days, sites such as make use of art to attract customers.

Classical art

The time of classical art is marked by the Peloponnesian War and the Athenian democracy. Sacred art is becoming increasingly important in architecture – huge temples are being built. In the sculpture, the movement and inner coherence of the image composition are increasingly expressed.

Hellenistic art

The Hellenistic art developed from the fusion of Greek and Oriental culture. Reality-related topics predominate. The high point of Hellenism was mainly characterized by representative mythological subjects.

In the settlement area of ​​Asia Minor, she took up oriental influences. In the age of Hellenism, it permeated the entire ancient world in the east and in the west. Greek culture such as religion, philosophy, literature, art, state, and view of life shaped and significantly influenced the culture of Europe.